Lifelong physical activity increases bone density in men
Source: Medical Xpress
Men have many reasons to add high-impact and resistance training to their exercise regimens; these reasons include building muscle and shedding fat. Now a University of Missouri researcher has determined another significant benefit to these activities: building bone mass.
Mayo Clinic Q and A: Hip dysplasia — when is surgery required?
Source: News Network
Hip dysplasia is a condition in which the top portion of the thigh bone doesn't fit properly in the socket portion of the hip joint - either because it is out of place or it is not the correct shape. In many cases, this condition is present at birth. Some people may not be diagnosed during childhood, however, and only when symptoms appear later is the problem identified. Although some adults with hip dysplasia need surgery to correct the problem, total hip replacement isn’t always necessary.
Newer UKR prosthesis for patients with osteoarthritis achieved satisfactory results
Patients who received a newer prosthesis similar to the Miller-Galante knee design showed significantly better Knee Society function scores than patients who had a long-used prosthesis to which it was compared. However, the two implants performed about the same at short-term follow-up, according to a presenter.
Treatment of Locked Posterior Shoulder Dislocation With Bone Defect
Locked posterior shoulder dislocation is an uncommon condition and is associated with a reverse Hill-Sachs lesion in 50% of cases. The condition is likely to occur in cases of violent trauma, seizures, or electric shock. Unrecognized dislocation with humeral head fracture affects joint function and humeral head vascularity and may lead to chronic instability, osteonecrosis, and osteoarthritis.
Study on use of umbilical cord vs. biocellulose film for antenatal spina bifida repair
Source: Medical Xpress
In a study to be presented on Feb. 5 in an oral plenary session, at the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine's annual meeting, The Pregnancy Meeting, in Atlanta, researchers will present findings from a study titled, Cryopreserved Human Umbilical Cord (HUC) vs. Biocellulose Film (BCF) for Antenatal Spina Bifida Repair.
ORIF, new casting method showed similar results for unstable ankle fractures
Treatment of overtly unstable malleolar fractures with close contact casting showed outcomes equivalent to those of open reduction and internal fixation among elderly patients and were associated with a cost reduction in results of a multicenter study presented at the Orthopaedic Trauma Association Annual Meeting, here.
Rates of Complications and Secondary Surgeries After In Situ Cubital Tunnel Release Compared With Ulnar Nerve Transposition: A Retrospective Review.
A retrospective cohort study was performed by query of hospital billing records for all patients who underwent cubital tunnel surgery from August 2008 to July 2013, yielding 421 patients. Exclusion criteria were acute trauma, revision surgery, neoplasm, age younger than 18 years, incomplete records, and postoperative follow-up less than 3 months. Of the remaining 234 patients, 147 patients underwent 157 in situ cubital tunnel releases and 87 patients underwent 90 ulnar nerve transpositions.
Care of Shoulder Pain in the Overhead Athlete.
Shoulder complaints are common in the overhead athlete. Understanding the biomechanics of throwing and swimming requires understanding the importance of maintaining the glenohumeral relationship of the shoulder. Capsular laxity, humeral retrotorsion, glenoid retroversion, glenohumeral internal rotation deficit, and scapular dyskinesis can all contribute to shoulder dysfunction and pain.
Patient-reported results, knee stability improved after all-inside double-bundle ACL reconstruction
Investigators found significant improvements from preoperative measures at 24.8-month follow-up for both mean side-to-side differences and Lysholm scores in patients who underwent double-bundle ACL reconstruction using a special drill pin guide and reamer, along with a laser-guided device to facilitate a transtibial approach.
Study supports efficacy of closed reduction, percutaneous fixation of crescent-fracture dislocations
Recently published data highlight the safety and efficacy of closed reduction and percutaneous screw fixation for the treatment of crescent fracture-dislocation of the sacroiliac joint and indicate satisfactory function and radiographic outcomes with the procedure.
Imaging identifies cartilage regeneration in long-distance runners
Using a mobile MRI truck, researchers followed runners for 4,500 kilometers through Europe to study the physical limits and adaptation of athletes over a 64-day period, according to a study presented today at the annual meeting of the Radiological Society of North America (RSNA).
Innovative tissue engineering strategies to repair spinal disc herniation
New therapeutic approaches to repair herniated discs in the lumbar spine using novel tissue engineering and regenerative medicine strategies have shown promising outcomes in preclinical studies and target the underlying problem of disc injury or instability, unlike current nonsurgical and surgical treatments.
Revision Rate and Risk Factors After Lower Extremity Amputation in Diabetic or Dysvascular Patients
This article reports the revision rate and possible risk factors for lower extremity amputations in patients with diabetes mellitus or peripheral arterial disease (PAD). Data were collected from 421 patients with diabetes mellitus or PAD who underwent amputations of the lower extremity at the authors’ institution from 2002 to 2012.
Anatomic Variation in Volar Tilt of the Scaphoid and Lunate Facet of the Distal Radius
The aim of distal radial fracture treatment is to achieve optimal function through the restoration of normal anatomy, including volar tilt. The accuracy of assessing volar tilt on standard lateral radiographs compared with anatomic tilt lateral (ATL) radiographs is uncertain.
Martial arts can be hazardous to kids
Source: Medical Xpress
(HealthDay)—Perhaps there's a black belt in your child's future. But for safety's sake, kids should only engage in noncontact forms of martial arts, a new American Academy of Pediatrics report says.